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教育・スポーツ・心理洋書

視覚障害に関する仏語による稀覯書 ②

Very rare printing in relief
(大変稀な浮彫りの印字)

[GALLIOD, Jean-François or GUILLIE, Sebastien]. Notice historique sur l’Institution Royale des Jeunes Aveugles. (Prix: 2 Francs). Imprimé par les Jeunes Aveugles, [Paris], 1817.  8vo (198 x 137 mm), ff. [15], each leaf consisting of two sheets pasted together and printed in relief (of which on leaf for the title, plus pp. 5-32, bound without a blank leaf preceding title); modern cloth. ¥1,995,000円 (送料・税別)

An extremely rare printing in relief following the process invented by the Abbé Haüy.

Sébastien Guillié, director of the Institut des Jeunes Aveugles published this work in the same year as his celebrated Essai sur l’instruction des aveugles in which he set out his ideas on the instruction of the blind. A passionate music lover, Guillié allowed for the creation of an orchestra at his institute, which performed with much success under the direction of Jean-François Galliod, blind himself since birth and having joined the Institute in 1787, aged 10.

Anonymously published the work can be attributed to both Sébastien Guillié, or Jean-François Galliod.

Printings with characters in relief are of the greatest rarity. To execute these printings each recto and verso had to be printed separately and then pasted together by hand. Another work printed in this manner and with the same characters is the Calendrier manuel pour trouver à l’aide de la main le jour que tombe un quantième quelconque of 1840, also printed by Jean-François Galliod.

The Catalogue collectif de France locates two institutional holdings, at the Bibliothèque Nationale, and Châlons; OCLC lists no further copies in Europe or the US.

The leaf not present in this copy is a blank preceding the title. I thank the Bibliothèque Nationale for having verified this.
Provenance: armorial bookplate, probably Swiss.

Subject to prior sales (売り切れの節はご容赦願います.)

 

   

No institutional copy known
(所蔵機関が何処にもない原本)

GALLIOD, Jean-François. Calendrier manuel pour trouver à l’aide de la main le jour que tombe un quantième quelconque. Paris, imprimé aux 15-20 par l’auteur, 1840.  8vo (207 x 135 mm), 41 pp.; early 20th century mottled sheep. ¥3,465,000円 (送料・税別)     First edition of Galliod’s Calendar.

An extremely rare and early manual for the blind, printed in raised relief, and an example of a Haüy inspired, pre-Braille embossed work. Such works were inevitably printed in very limited print runs due to the complexity of printing. Galliod, himself blind and a former pupil of Hauÿ, became a music teacher and conducted an orchestra of 50 musicians at the Quinze-Vingt.

An ingenious man, Galliod invented a new system of writing music which was used by his pupils for more than 50 years.

“The term ‘working-blind’ was Haüy’s invention. He dreamt of selfsupporting citizen patients” (Oxford Handbook of Music and Disability Studies).

“The church of the Quinze-Vingts, which was home to the succursal Saint-Antoine since 1809, of course regained its role of the Chapel of the royal hospice. On December 1814, a solemn mass of thanksgiving in recognition of the kind deeds his Majesty has done for the blind poor of the Quinze-Vingts was celebrated there – by Monsieur the Abbé Sicard. This mass was followed by a two choir Te Deum, performed by more than fifty blind people by Jean-François Galliod, who would soon be promoted to master the Quinze-Vingts chapel” (Zina Weygand, in: The Blind in French Society from the Middle Ages to the Century of Louis Braille, p. 255).

His calendar, printed in tactile letters, was meant to be used as a tool in order to determine the day of the week of a precise date. The typography used in this book was eventually replaced by Braille’s newly invented systems of raised points.
OCLC does not locate any institutional copy of this very rare book.

Subject to prior sales (売り切れの節はご容赦願います.)

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