HARALD FISCHER マイクロコレクション 印刷
HARALD FISCHER

〔コレクション〕 マイクロ版
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日本販売指定代理店
文生書院

ドイツの偉大なる詩人フリードリヒ・リュッケルトの自筆書簡コレクション
The Friedrich-Ruckert-Autographs in the Schweinfurt Town Archives

23,640 sheets with Catalogue [304 microfiches]
2008, ISBN 978-3-89131-502-6, Silver positive

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For many of his contemporaries Friedrich Ruckert (1788-1866) was the most eminent German language poet. Today a wider audience knows him, above all, through the setting to music of his [Kindertodtenlieder] by Gustav Mahler. His merits as a scholar and translator, including [masterly adaptations of middle and far eastern poems] (Annemarie Schimmel) are, along with his Quran translation, predominantly honored in the academic world.

The Ruckert Collection in the Schweinfurt Town Archives contains 22,000 manuscripts as well as 547 of his letters and records of his life such as publishers' contracts and documents. The sheer mass of this material is overwhelming. It includes about 5,500 poems and numerous notes, for example on the various languages that Ruckert studied, as well as the transcripts of complete works such as the Quran translation or the dramas. A classification of the sources into literary genre is hardly possible because the reciprocal interdependencies are very narrow: poetical translations, adaptations, language studies and his own poems flow into each other without boundaries.

The majority of the Ruckert autographs in the Schweinfurt Town Archives have not yet been subjected to academic editing. In view of the scope and the complexity of the sources international scholars around the world are presented with a task that will occupy them for many years to come. The microfiche edition, and the digitization of these sources offer a fundament for the academic editing of the holdings especially as many of the originals - often loose sheets written in pencil and on the verge of disintegrating - should no longer be handled.

A 300-page catalog, published by the Schweinfurt Town Archives in the 1990s, describes the individual elements of Ruckert's literary legacy. It is provided with the microfiches and will add advanced research information to the detailed search options of the Download Service to this collection.

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17世紀パンフレット・コレクション:アウクスブルク州立・市立図書館
17th Century Pamphlets in the Augsburg State and City Library

1,888 titles with 78,000 pages [683 microfiches]
2008, ISBN 978-3-89131-512-5, Silver negative

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Pamphlets as an historical source

The outstanding political-historical authenticity of pamphlets makes them a source of special character and great value for historical research. This is particularly true of the Augsburg holdings. They are restricted to a relatively narrow definition of pamphlet that excludes the entire Reformation literature, as well as the holdings of the later controversial theological and confessional polemical tracts. Thus, as in almost no other collection, the Augsburg holdings conform to the definition of pamphlets as non-periodical brochures, mostly of short length, that report about, and comment on, current politics and contemporary events as well as controversial debates. They address a broad public and aim at reaching their readers quickly and efficiently.

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ヴィルヘルム・フォン・フンボルトの言語学コレクション
Wilhelm von Humboldt's Private Linguistic Collection at Berlin's Humboldt University Library

261 Works containing a total of 104,500 pages [1,264 microfiches]
2007/8, ISBN 978-3-89131-480-7, Silver negative

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In light of its varied history, it is almost surprising that a large segment of this collection is still retained in its original state. In accordance with Humboldt's wishes, his books and papers were donated to the State Library in Berlin after his death. A large number of the donated works was, however, already owned by that library. The duplicates were therefore sorted out and passed on to several other libraries. A large part - about half the original holdings - was given to the then only a few years old Library of Humboldt University. Most of the volumes remaining in the State Library were lost after having been put into storage during the Second World War.

For a long time, the content of the original library and the whereabouts of individual volumes was uncertain. However, thanks to the efforts of Christa Schwarz, the former head of the historical holdings of the Humboldt University Library, a bibliographical record of the original collection has now been established. By using old inventories and other records, she was able to construct a catalogue of Humboldt's original collection. This catalogue shows not only the current location of the majority of still-existing original works in other libraries, but also the location of replacement copies of volumes lost from the Humboldt collection.

Today, the Humboldt University Library holds 270 volumes from Humboldt's original library in a valuable, special collection. The complete publication of these 270 works in the present Microfiche Edition was made possible by close co-operation between the University Library and Harald Fischer Verlag at the preservation filming of the collection in the context of a broad restoration scheme.

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クリストフ・ヤーコブ・トロゥーの書簡コレクション
The Trew Letter Collection

19,000 letters from 2,200 authors of the 16th, 17th and 18th century [3,204 microfiches]
2006, ISBN 3-89131-477-9, Silber negativ

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Christoph Jakob Trew's (1695 - 1769) collection of letters is the largest known collection of letters with an emphasis on medicine and science and one of the largest collections at all in Germany. It contains about 19,000 letters and drafts from 2,200 authors from the 16th till the 18th centuries, amongst them many great minds who are still well known today: polymath pioneers from medicine and its neighbouring sciences such as Ulisse Aldrovandi, Carolus Clusius, Johannes Crato or Conrad Gesner, but also the theologian Johannes Calvin or the poet and natural historian Albrecht von Haller. The views into the history of science of the early modern period offered by the collection are as varied as the addressers and addressees. The contemporary world of ideas of surgery and anatomy, of zoology and botany become just as palpable as the everyday reality of medical practice and natural historical research. [This collection of letters will have to be consulted by everyone who concerns themselves with the history of medicine and science of this period], stated the head of the University Library Erlangen-Nurnberg in the catalogue which was published in 1940. The University Library Erlangen-Nurnberg has been the home of the immense Trew inheritance since it was transferred to Erlangen from the dissolved University of Altdorf in 1818.

The material included 34,000 books which Trew had brought together out of the obviously inexhaustible income of his medical practice to form one of the largest natural science libraries of the 18th century. Taken all together Trew's collection provides a unique picture of the state of medicine and science in the early stage of the enlightenment.

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自殺文庫
The Suicide Library

1098 works from 1578 to 1945 with 98,369 pages [1,625 microfiches]
2005, ISBN 3-89131-463-9, Silver negative

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The most complete bibliography on the subject of suicide was produced by Hans Rost in 1927. His [Bibliographie des Selbstmords] contains over 3700 sources from Germany and abroad, including many newspaper and magazine articles. Hans Rost maintained contact with bibliographers and scientists all over the world and thus was not only able to compile information on literature but also able to establish a rich collection of literature on suicide. He divided the suicide literature into 60 groups. In addition to the groups already mentioned, one can, for example, find literature on the methods of killing oneself, on double, family and mass suicides, on the punishment of suicides, on suicide by soldiers, and even suicide by animals. There are alone 100 works on euthanasia in the bibliography. Not only is Rost's bibliography a fascinating book to read, it also draws attention to otherwise often undocumented aspects of suicide.

Rost himself owned approximately 1000 of the titles listed in the bibliography. His library still exists. In his testament he left it to the State and City library of Augsburg, where it continues to be displayed as a special collection today. As an inspection of various library catalogues shows, a large part of Rost's collection is very rare; all the foreign language works, for example, are available in Augsburg only. Two thirds of the works are in German, 15 percent in English and 10 percent in French. 12 percent were published before 1800, 38 percent in the 19th Century and 50 percent between 1900 and 1945. As of today, Rost's collection is considered to be the best library on the subject of suicide in Germany.

Hans Rost was the author of 25 contributions in this edition. In one article he extensively describes the creation of his collection. A failed attempt to write a doctoral thesis on the statistics of suicide at the Institute of Political Science of the University of Munich triggered his interest in the subject. Max von Boehn's bibliography and the latter purchase of his library provided the base of Rost's own bibliography and collection.

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賛美歌コレクション
Hymnological Sources from Augsburg Libraries

16th Century

182 works with a total of 75,000 pages [968 Microfiches]
2002, ISBN 3-89131-390-X, Silver negative

17th Century

283 works with a total of 137,000 pages [1,641 microfiches]
2003, ISBN 3-89131-391-8, Silber negative

18th Century

1,043 works with a total of 620,000 pages [7.698 Microfiches]
2005, ISBN 3-89131-392-6, Silber negative

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Despite their cultural and historical importance, hymnological sources (hymnbooks, collections of ecclesiastical rules, etc.) have never been collected systematically by academic libraries. Instead, they came more by accident into the possession of these libraries, i.e. through donations or the acquisition of complete scholarly collections. The immense dispersion of books due to secularization and mediatization (the assignment of formerly independent secular territories to new sovereignties) after 1800 also contributed to today's scattered distribution of these sources.

Apart from the few large libraries that are treasure troves for hymnologists because of the exceptional importance of their historical holdings in general, most sources included in this edition are preserved in a number of relatively small institutions. Das deutsche Kirchenlied ( The German Hymn, abbr. DKL), published in 1976 as a volume of the Repertoire international des sources musicales, records about 4,500 printed sources including notes from the period prior to 1800. Today these books are owned by about 1,000 different libraries (among them numerous smaller municipal libraries, private collections, church and monastic libraries); almost 600 of them are located in Germany.

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音楽印刷物コレクション 1488-1630:アウクスブルク州立・市立図書館
The Music Prints from the Augsburg State and City Library 1488-1630

438 prints with 105,000 pages [1,445 microfiches]
2000, ISBN 3-89131-241-5, Silver negative

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The Early Music Prints of the Augsburg State and City Library

The collection includes 438 prints dating from the earliest years of book-printing up to the Thirty Years War: 41 works of music theory, 10 liturgical prints, 80 collected works of mostly secular and some spiritual music, as well as 307 secular and spiritual works of prominent individual Italian, German, and Dutch composers. The collection contains many unique prints, and approximately half of the collection consists of prints done in Italy, among which are numerous products of the Printer Gardano in Venice.

While there are among the MSS countless examples of cloister holdings, especially those of the Benedictine Abbey of St. Ulrich and Afra, only a few of the printed holdings originated as spoils of secularisation. Some 40 percent of the early music prints give no hint whatsoever of their origin. A further 40 percent of the prints carry a painted rendition of the Augsburg coat of arms on their bindings. These were obviously the books containing the various instrumental parts for the Augsburg City Musicians. Next to these, the Italian prints are the most numerous. The intensive direct trade relations with Venice certainly facilitated the acquisition of the newest Italian musical prints. That newly-appeared musical pieces were acquired quite quickly is demonstrated also by the dance-collections of the Brothers Hess, published in 1555 in Breslau. The binding on these collections comes from 1558, and they carry the Augsburg Council stamp of ownership from the same year.

Besides these volumes of the City Musicians and the few prints that can be proven to come from cloister collections, there are a few from St. Anna and from the private libraries of Gregor Aichinger and Marcus Welser.

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音楽手稿コレクション:アウクスブルク州立・市立図書館
The Music Manuscripts from the Augsburg State and City Library

106 manuscripts with ca. 19,500 pages [600 microfiches]
1997, ISBN 3-89131-240-7, Silver negative

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The 106 musical manuscripts of the Staats- und Stadtbibliothek Augsburg date from the 13th to the 20th century. A small part of the collection comprises material from the 15th century and early 16th century, which includes 16 manuscripts. There is also material from the period from 1550 until the 30 Years War, with 42 manuscripts. Altogether, 82 manuscripts in the collection originated before 1806, and 38 of them came from the Benedictine Abbey of St. Ulrich and Afra.

The manuscripts created in the late 15th century reflect the ideas brought about by the introduction of the Reform of Melk, which made the revision of liturgical texts and chants necessary. St. Ulrich and Afra ran their own scriptorium, whose renowned members included the calligrapher Leonard Wagner. The heyday for musical works in St. Ulrich and Afra came during the second half of the 16th century. Although prints eventually began to supersede manuscripts during that era, they did not lose significance as a musical source. In the case of the St. Ulrich Choir Books, the manuscripts are still the primary source.

Prior to 1630, the musical history of Augsburg could be seen in the manuscripts of St. Ulrich and Afra. Later works obviously did not find their way into the monastery's library. Although these early manuscripts have only limited significance for the musical history of the city, as stylistic compositions they are nonetheless very important.

The collection of musical manuscripts is subdivided into four large signature groups: the manuscripts with the signature [COD] are part of the general manuscripts. They consist primarily of medieval or somewhat later works, mostly liturgical compositions. The manuscripts with the signature [Tonk. Schletterer] are all post-medieval works, mainly from the years 1560-1620. They are composed of music of contemporary composers, liturgies for divine offices, motets and ordinary communion Benedictines. The signature [Cod. mus] describes bequests, acquisitions and donations from the last decades. The signature group [Fasc.] is a mixture of printed and manuscript music from the 18th and 19th centuries.

 

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